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Emigration Check Not Required(ECNR) for Indians going abroad

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As per the Emigration Act, 1983, certain categories of Indian passport holders require to obtain “Emigration Clearance” from the office of Protector of Emigrants (POE) for going to certain countries.

            As per Emigration Act, “emigration” means going out of India of any Indian citizen with a view to taking up employment in a foreign country.

 All Indian passports are divided into two categories as follows :

     *   Passports with endorsement: “Emigration Check Required” (ECR)

    *   Passports with endorsement: “Emigration Check Not Required” (ECNR)

              The Indian passport holders who have the stamp of ECR, are required to get emigration clearance from Protector of Emigrants if going out to any country except Pakistan, Bangladesh, European countries (excluding CIS countries), all countries of North America, Japan, Australia, New Zealand, Thailand, Singapore, South Korea and South Africa.

Indian passport holders who have the stamp of ECNR, do not require to take any emigration clearance from POE for going to any country.

Categories of Indians Entitled For ECNR Category:
Indians applying for passport are required to specify the desired category i.e. ECR or ECNR in the application form itself. The following Indians are entitled for ECNR stamp :


(a) Persons going abroad in managerial capacity in Hotel/Restaurants, Tea-Houses or other places of Public resort etc. possessing specialized Degrees in these fields.

(b) All Gazetted Government servants.

(c) All Income-Tax payers (including Agricultural Income-Tax Payers) in their individual capacity. Proof of assessment to Income-Tax and actual payment of Income-Tax for last three years is required and not merely payment of advance tax. However in most cases as an assessment order is not issued separately by the Income Tax Deptt., Income Tax Return which are stamped by Income Tax authority are accepted.

(d) All professional Degree holders, such as Doctors holding M.B.B.S. Degree in Ayurved or Homoeopathy, accredited Journalists, Engineers, Chartered Accountants, Cost Accountants, Lecturers, Teachers, Scientists, Advocates, etc.

(e) Spouses and dependent children up to the age of 24 years of category of persons listed from (b) to (d).

(f) All persons who have been staying abroad for more than three years (the period of the three years could be either at a stretch or broken), and spouses and children upto the age of 24 years of such persons.

(g) Seamen who are in possession of CDC or Sea Cadets.

Deck Cadets:

(1)  who have passed final examination of three years B.Sc. Nautical Sciences courses at T.S. Chanakya, Mumbai and

(2)  who have undergone three months Pre-Sea training at any of the Government approved Training Institues such as T.S. Chanakya, T.S. Rehman, T.S. Jawahar, MTI (SCI) and NIPM, Chennai, after production of identity cards issued by the    Shipping Master, Mumbai / Calcutta / Chennai.

(h) All holders of Diplomatic/Official Passports.

(i) Dependent children of parents whose passports are classified as ECNR in the case of such children ECNR classification to be restricted until they attain 24 years of age.

(j) Persons holding Permanent Immigration Visa, such as the Visas of UK, USA and Australia.

(k) Persons holding Graduate or higher Degrees. (If final certificate not available, provisional certificate plus mark sheet to be attached).(l) Persons holding 3 years Diploma equivalent to degree from recognized Institution like polytechnics.

(m) Nurses possessing qualifications recognized under the Indian Nursing Council Act, 1947.

(n) All persons above the age of 60 years.

(o) No emigration clearance is required for persons possessing certificates of vocational training from Government/Government recognized institutions.

           If the passport of a person has been wrongly categorized as ECR, while he was entitled for ECNR category, he will have to get it rectified from the issuing Regional Passport Office (RPO) only before he undertakes a journey to the countries for which emigration clearance is required. The immigration officers at Airports are empowered to grant exemption only in emergency cases.

Addresses of Protector of Emigrants in  India |

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425 Responses to “Emigration Check Not Required(ECNR) for Indians going abroad”

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  1. 421
    ECNR Says:

    hello sir,

    i worked in dubai 2003 to 2007 and came back to india, i got 4 years gap,now i got a employment visa to dubai still i need ECNR clearance

  2. 422
    Beita Jr. Says:

    Hi, it depends on your emigration status. If it is ECR, you will need emigration clearance for UAE. Just check your passport second page and act accordingly.

  3. 423
    Virendra patel Says:

    SHOULD HAVE I RETURN TICKET If I STAMPED ECNR FROM POE AND LEAVE THE COUNTRY ?

  4. 424
    Virendra Says:

    My passport is ECR so I visited Passport regional offices but Now a days they stopped the ECNR Stamping activity and as per him i will have to reissue new passport. But I Already got work visa so my question is On same visa can I travel by using New reissued passport ?

  5. 425
    Beita Jr. Says:

    Hi Virendra, if the new passport is issued, that will be used for your emigration status when they check. As for the Work Visa, you still have to carry your old passport. Whenever necessary, you will have to show your old passport for the visa. Carry both the passport while traveling.

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